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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Geneva, NE

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 12 (at GENEVA, NE climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 21Frost Jul 19N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
CauliflowerFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 20Frost Jun 29N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
EggplantsFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
KaleFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 25
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 10Frost Jun 14N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
TomatoesFrost May 4Frost Jun 29N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 29
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 14

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 27 (at GENEVA, NE climate station, elevation 1630 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
BasilFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
CornN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
CucumbersFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-Jun 1
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 13-May 11
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 11
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-31, Apr 17-20
OreganoFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 15-16, Mar 2-16
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-18, Apr 1- 6
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-29
PumpkinsFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1, Mar 19-23
RosemaryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
SageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-18, Apr 1- 6
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 18-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 15-16, Mar 2-16
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-31, Apr 17-20
WatermelonsFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 8