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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Valentine, NE

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 30 (at VALENTINE #1, NE climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 9
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
CauliflowerFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 8Frost Jun 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
EggplantsFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
KaleFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 9
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 28Frost June 16N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
TomatoesFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 9
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 2

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 12 (at VALENTINE #1, NE climate station, elevation 2588 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
BasilFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 2
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-29, May 16-19
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 30-Jun 2
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 17-21
CauliflowerFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 30-Jun 2
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 14-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 30-Jun 14
CucumbersFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 16
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 30-Jun 2
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 21-28
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 28-May 26
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Mar 2-31
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 2
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 21-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 1-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 16-26
PumpkinsFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
SageFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 1-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 15-16
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 21-28
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 2-31
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 2
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 23
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 23
Moon May 30-Jun 14