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Planting Calendar for Valley, NE

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 21 (at VALLEY NWS, NE climate station, elevation 1145 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 8-14
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
Sep 17
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7
Apr 21
BasilFrost Mar 9-24
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Sep 3
BeetsN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 26-31
May 5
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
N/AJul 23
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 9-24
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Jun 2
BroccoliFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
Aug 13
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
Jul 9
CabbageFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
Jul 2
CantaloupesFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 8-14
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-23
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Jul 9
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 26-Apr 7
Aug 6
CauliflowerFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-23
N/AAug 6
CeleryFrost Jan 27-Feb 10
Moon Feb 9-10
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Apr 21
Moon Apr 21
Aug 6
ChivesFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Aug 20
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-23
May 12
CollardsFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Aug 6
CucumbersFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Aug 6
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-23
Aug 20
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Jul 9
EggplantsFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
N/AAug 6
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
FennelFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-23
Jul 30
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 7-19
Aug 6
Honeydew MelonsFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Jul 16
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
KohlrabiFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
LeeksFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 8-14
N/AJul 2
LettuceFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Aug 6
OnionsN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 26-Apr 7
N/AJul 9
OreganoFrost Feb 10-Mar 9
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
N/AAug 6
ParsleyFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Mar 24-Apr 28
Moon Mar 24-25, Apr 8-23
Jul 30
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 26-31
Jul 9
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 24-26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 26-Apr 7
Aug 6
PumpkinsFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 8-14
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Jul 2
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 26-31
Aug 20
RosemaryFrost Jan 27-Feb 10
Moon Feb 9-10
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
N/AAug 20
SageFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
N/AJul 30
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 26-Apr 7
Jul 9
SpinachFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-25
May 5
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Jul 30
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-6
Jul 2
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 8-21
May 5
ThymeFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 10-24
Frost Apr 28-May 5
N/AJul 23
TomatillosFrost Mar 9-24
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
N/AJul 30
TomatoesFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
N/AJul 16
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 26-31
Sep 17
WatermelonsFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 8-14
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Jul 16
Winter SquashFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Jun 25
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 7-12
Aug 13

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 15 (at VALLEY NWS, NE climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 27-Oct 1
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 23-Aug 20
Moon Jul 23-Aug 3, Aug 20
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Aug 6-27
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 16-23
Moon Jul 16-21
Frost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 16-23
Moon Jul 16-21
Frost Aug 6-13
Moon Aug 6-13
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 30-Aug 6
Moon Jul 30-Aug 3
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 9-16
Moon Jul 9-16
Frost Jul 23-30
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 23-Aug 20
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 16-30
Moon Jul 16-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Oct 29-Nov 11
Moon Oct 29-31
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 30-Aug 13
Moon Aug 4-13
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 13-Sep 3
Moon Aug 13-19, Sep 2-3
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Aug 13-Sep 3
Moon Aug 13-19, Sep 2-3
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Sep 3-17
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 27-Sep 17
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 13-27
Moon Aug 20-27
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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