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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Valley, NE

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 15 (at VALLEY NWS, NE climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
Bell PeppersFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
CauliflowerFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 23Frost Jul 2N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
EggplantsFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 22Frost Jul 17N/A
KaleFrost Jul 24Frost Aug 21N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 28
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 13Frost Jun 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
TomatoesFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 17

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 21 (at VALLEY NWS, NE climate station, elevation 1145 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7-16
BasilFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 17-28
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 19-31
CauliflowerFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 5-15
CucumbersFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 26
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Apr 7-May 5
Moon Apr 7-16, Apr 30-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-31
OreganoFrost Feb 9-Mar 9
Moon Feb 9-16, Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31, Apr 17-21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 17-29
PumpkinsFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 23-Mar 17
Moon Feb 23-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
SageFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 16-26
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 9-Mar 9
Moon Feb 9-16, Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 2
Moon May 5-15, May 30-Jun 2
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 2
Moon May 5-15, May 30-Jun 2