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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Maplewood, NJ

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 27 (at CANOE BROOK, NJ climate station, elevation 180 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
BasilFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 6
CauliflowerFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
CucumbersFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-Jun 1
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-Jun 1
EggplantsFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 21-30
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 6-13
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 11
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
PumpkinsFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
SageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 6-13
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 20 (at CANOE BROOK, NJ climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
Bell PeppersFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
CauliflowerFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 28Frost Jul 7N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
EggplantsFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 27Frost Jul 22N/A
KaleFrost Jul 29Frost Aug 26N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 2
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 18Frost Jun 22N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
TomatoesFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 22