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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Trenton, NJ

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 25 (at TRENTON STATE COLLEGE, NJ climate station, elevation 101 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 19-25
BasilFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 20-27
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
CauliflowerFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 20-27
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 9-30
Moon May 19-30
CucumbersFrost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 30
Moon Apr 25-May 5, May 19-30
EggplantsFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 30-Feb 13
Moon Jan 30-Feb 5
Frost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 20-27
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost Apr 11-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 13-Mar 14
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 18, May 6- 9
PumpkinsFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 27-Mar 21
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 20-27
Frost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
N/A
SageFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 16-30
Moon May 16-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 13-Mar 14
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7
Frost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 9-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 9-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 21 (at TRENTON STATE COLLEGE, NJ climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Bell PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
CauliflowerFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 29Frost Jul 8N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
EggplantsFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 22
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 28Frost Jul 23N/A
KaleFrost Jul 30Frost Aug 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 19Frost Jun 23N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
TomatoesFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 23