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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Westfield, NJ

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 18 (at CRANFORD, NJ climate station, elevation 78 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
BasilFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
CornN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
CucumbersFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 23
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 27-Mar 21
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7, Mar 21
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-May 2
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-May 2
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
OreganoFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 14
Moon Mar 8-14
RosemaryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 9-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
WatermelonsFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 25 (at CRANFORD, NJ climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
Bell PeppersFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
CauliflowerFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
CeleryFrost May 3Frost Jul 12N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
EggplantsFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 1Frost Jul 27N/A
KaleFrost Aug 3Frost Aug 31N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 7
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 30
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 23Frost Jun 27N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
TomatoesFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 27