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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Halifax, NS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 8 (at HALIFAX CITADEL, NS climate station, elevation 229 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon May 6-15
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 6-17
CauliflowerFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-17
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
CornN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 22-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 8-Jun 12
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 17-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 24-May 5, May 19-22
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-18
OreganoFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7, Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 17-18, May 6- 8
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 13-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 12
Moon Jun 4-12
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 17-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7, Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 22-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 22-Jun 3, Jun 17-19

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 20 (at HALIFAX CITADEL, NS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
Bell PeppersFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
CauliflowerFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 28Frost Jul 7N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
EggplantsFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 27Frost Jul 22N/A
KaleFrost Jul 29Frost Aug 26N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 18Frost Jun 22N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
TomatoesFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 22