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Planting Calendar for Oxford, NS | Almanac.com
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Planting Calendar for Oxford, NS

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 17 (at PUGWASH, NS climate station, elevation 13 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Sep 12
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 3-6
May 17
BasilFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
Frost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
Aug 29
BeetsN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 3-6
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 24-26
May 31
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AJul 18
Bok ChoyFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Jun 28
BroccoliFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Aug 8
Brussels SproutsFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Jul 4
CabbageFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Jun 27
CantaloupesFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 24-31
Jul 4
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
Aug 1
CauliflowerFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
N/AAug 1
CeleryFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 17
Moon May 17
Aug 1
ChivesFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Aug 15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Jun 7
CollardsFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Aug 1
CucumbersFrost Apr 26-May 3
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Aug 1
DillN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 10-23
Aug 15
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Jul 4
EggplantsFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AAug 1
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
FennelFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 24-31
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Jul 25
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
Aug 1
Honeydew MelonsFrost Apr 26-May 3
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Jul 11
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
KohlrabiFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
LeeksFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
N/AJun 27
LettuceFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
Aug 1
OnionsN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
N/AJul 4
OreganoFrost Mar 7-Apr 5
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AAug 1
ParsleyFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost Apr 19-May 24
Moon Apr 19-23, May 7-23
Jul 25
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 24-26
Jul 4
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Jun 7-21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
Aug 1
PumpkinsFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Jun 27
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 24-26
Aug 15
RosemaryFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AAug 15
SageFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AJul 25
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
Jul 4
SpinachFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost Apr 26-May 3
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 31
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
Jul 25
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 31-Jun 14
Moon May 31-Jun 5
Jun 27
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon May 7-17
May 31
ThymeFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 24-31
N/AJul 18
TomatillosFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
N/AJul 25
TomatoesFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
N/AJul 11
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 24-26
Sep 12
WatermelonsFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 24-31
Jul 11
Winter SquashFrost Apr 26-May 3
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Jun 20
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Apr 26-May 3
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Aug 8

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 10 (at PUGWASH, NS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 22-Sep 26
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 18-Aug 15
Moon Jul 22-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Aug 1-22
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 11-18
Moon Jul 11-18
Frost Aug 1-15
Moon Aug 4-15
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 20-Jul 4
Moon Jun 20-21
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 11-18
Moon Jul 11-18
Frost Aug 1-8
Moon Aug 4-8
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 25-Aug 1
Moon Jul 25-Aug 1
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 4-11
Moon Jul 5-11
Frost Jul 18-25
Moon Jul 18-21
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 18-Aug 15
Moon Jul 18-21, Aug 4-15
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 11-25
Moon Jul 11-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Oct 24-Nov 6
Moon Oct 24-31
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 25-Aug 8
Moon Aug 4-8
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Aug 1-15
Moon Aug 4-15
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 8-29
Moon Aug 8-19
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Aug 1-15
Moon Aug 4-15
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Aug 8-29
Moon Aug 8-19
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Aug 1-15
Moon Aug 4-15
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 29-Sep 12
Moon Aug 29-Sep 1
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 22-Sep 12
Moon Sep 2-12
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Aug 1-15
Moon Aug 4-15
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 8-22
Moon Aug 20-22
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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