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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Port Hawkesbury, NS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 13 (at DEMING, NS climate station, elevation 49 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
CornN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
CucumbersFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 17
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 22-29
Moon Apr 22-29
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 27
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-27
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
OreganoFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon May 6-13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 18-20, Apr 6- 8
RosemaryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 4-16
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 22-29
Moon Apr 22-29
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
WatermelonsFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-24

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 29 (at DEMING, NS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
Bell PeppersFrost May 16Frost Jul 11N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 18Frost Aug 15N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
CauliflowerFrost Jul 18Frost Aug 15N/A
CeleryFrost May 7Frost Jul 16N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
EggplantsFrost May 16Frost Jul 11N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 30
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 31N/A
KaleFrost Aug 7Frost Sep 4N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 11
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 4
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 27Frost Jul 1N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
TomatoesFrost May 21Frost Jul 16N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 31