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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Elmira, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 11 (at ELMIRA, NY climate station, elevation 948 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
BasilFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-29, May 16-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 17-20
CauliflowerFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
CucumbersFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 15
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 20-27
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 27-May 25
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 16-25
PumpkinsFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
SageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 15
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 20-27
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 30-Jun 14

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 5 (at ELMIRA, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 8
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
CauliflowerFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 22N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
EggplantsFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
KaleFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 8
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 3Frost June 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
TomatoesFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 8
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 7