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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Elmont, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 5 (at NEW YORK JFK INTL AP, NY climate station, elevation 9 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Apr 1- 5
BasilFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5-16
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-31
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Feb 1- 7
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-16
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7-18
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-18
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 1
CauliflowerFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7-18
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Feb 1- 7
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-16
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-16
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 30-May 10
CucumbersFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-May 10
Moon Apr 5-16, Apr 30-May 10
EggplantsFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-16, Apr 30-May 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Feb 1- 7
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-16
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7-18
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 19
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 19-29
OreganoFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5-16
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 19-31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Mar 2-15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Mar 29-31, Apr 17-19
PumpkinsFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 7-28
Moon Feb 17-28
RosemaryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Feb 1- 7
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-16, Apr 30-May 3
N/A
SageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-16
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Mar 2-15
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-29
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5-16
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 7-16
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-16, Apr 30-May 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 19-29
WatermelonsFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 30-May 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 30-May 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 30-May 15

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 9 (at NEW YORK JFK INTL AP, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
Bell PeppersFrost May 27Frost Jul 22N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 29Frost Aug 26N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
CauliflowerFrost Jul 29Frost Aug 26N/A
CeleryFrost May 18Frost Jul 27N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
EggplantsFrost May 27Frost Jul 22N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 16Frost Aug 11N/A
KaleFrost Aug 18Frost Sep 15N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 30
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 15
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 7Frost Jul 12N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 30
TomatoesFrost Jun 1Frost Jul 27N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 30
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 11