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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for New York, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 14 (at NEW YORK CNTRL PK TWR, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 10
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 30
Bell PeppersFrost Jun 1Frost Jul 27N/A
BroccoliFrost Aug 3Frost Aug 31N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 24Frost Aug 21N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
CauliflowerFrost Aug 3Frost Aug 31N/A
CeleryFrost May 23Frost Aug 1N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
EggplantsFrost Jun 1Frost Jul 27N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 21Frost Aug 16N/A
KaleFrost Aug 23Frost Sep 20N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 10
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 20
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 12Frost Jul 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
TomatoesFrost Jun 6Frost Aug 1N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 16

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 3 (at NEW YORK CNTRL PK TWR, NY climate station, elevation 131 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
BasilFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3-16
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20-31
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5-18
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 5-12
Moon Mar 5-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Feb 26-Mar 1
CauliflowerFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5-18
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-12
Moon Mar 5-12
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
CucumbersFrost Mar 5-12
Moon Mar 5-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-May 8
Moon Apr 3-16, Apr 30-May 8
EggplantsFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5-18
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 17
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 19-27
OreganoFrost Jan 22-Feb 19
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3-16
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 19-31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-31, Apr 17
PumpkinsFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 17-26
RosemaryFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
SageFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-29
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 22-Feb 19
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3-16
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 19-27
WatermelonsFrost Mar 5-12
Moon Mar 5-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15