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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Oswego, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 28 (at OSWEGO, NY climate station, elevation 324 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
BasilFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 17-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 16
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 16
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
CornN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 2
CucumbersFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-Jun 2
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 5-15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 16
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 7-14
Moon Apr 7-14
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 14-May 12
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 12
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31, Apr 17-21
OreganoFrost Feb 16-Mar 17
Moon Feb 16, Mar 3-17
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 17-28
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 17-18, Apr 1- 7
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 21-29
PumpkinsFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7-16
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 2-24
Moon Mar 19-24
RosemaryFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 16
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5-15
N/A
SageFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 17-18, Apr 1- 7
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Apr 7-14
Moon Apr 7-14
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 16-Mar 17
Moon Feb 16, Mar 3-17
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2-17
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5-15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31, Apr 17-21
WatermelonsFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 9
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 9
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 9
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 9

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 21 (at OSWEGO, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Bell PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
CauliflowerFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 29Frost Jul 8N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
EggplantsFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 28Frost Jul 23N/A
KaleFrost Jul 30Frost Aug 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 19Frost Jun 23N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
TomatoesFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 23