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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Selden, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 10 (at MT SINAI, NY climate station, elevation 49 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
BasilFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-31, Apr 17
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 1-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 12-18, Apr 1- 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 19-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 12-18, Apr 1- 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 1-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
CucumbersFrost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 15
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 1-12
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 12-18, Apr 1- 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost Mar 20-27
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost Mar 27-Apr 24
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 19-31
OreganoFrost Jan 29-Feb 26
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20-31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Mar 2-12, Mar 14-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 17-24
PumpkinsFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 17-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 1-12
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
SageFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Mar 2-12, Mar 14-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost Mar 20-27
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 29-Feb 26
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-16
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 19-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 12-20
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 30-May 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 30-May 15

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 30 (at MT SINAI, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
Bell PeppersFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
CauliflowerFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
CeleryFrost May 8Frost Jul 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
EggplantsFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 6Frost Aug 1N/A
KaleFrost Aug 8Frost Sep 5N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 12
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 28Frost Jul 2N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
TomatoesFrost May 22Frost Jul 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 1