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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Essex, ON

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 8 (at HARROW CDA, ON climate station, elevation 623 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon May 6-15
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 6-17
CauliflowerFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-17
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
CornN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 22-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 8-Jun 12
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 17-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 24-May 5, May 19-22
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-18
OreganoFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7, Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 17-18, May 6- 8
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 13-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 12
Moon Jun 4-12
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 17-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7, Mar 21-27
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 19-29
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 10-17
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 22-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 22-Jun 3, Jun 17-19

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 11 (at HARROW CDA, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 28Frost Jun 23N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 13
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
CauliflowerFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 19Frost Jun 28N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 3
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
EggplantsFrost Apr 28Frost Jun 23N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 12
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 18Frost Jul 13N/A
KaleFrost Jul 20Frost Aug 17N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 9Frost Jun 13N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
TomatoesFrost May 3Frost Jun 28N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 13
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 13