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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Salem, OR

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 13 (at SALEM MCNARY FLD, OR climate station, elevation 206 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
CucumbersFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 18
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Jan 21-Feb 1
Frost Feb 22-Mar 16
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 27
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-27
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-20, Apr 6
OreganoFrost Feb 1-Mar 1
Moon Feb 1- 5, Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 6-13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-23
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 15-Mar 8
Moon Feb 15-19, Mar 8
RosemaryFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-23
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 6-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 1-Mar 1
Moon Feb 1- 5, Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-20, Apr 6
WatermelonsFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 25
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-25
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 25
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-25

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 26 (at SALEM MCNARY FLD, OR climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 21
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
Bell PeppersFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 15Frost Aug 12N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 5Frost Aug 2N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
CauliflowerFrost Jul 15Frost Aug 12N/A
CeleryFrost May 4Frost Jul 13N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
EggplantsFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 27
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 2Frost Jul 28N/A
KaleFrost Aug 4Frost Sep 1N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 8
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 21
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 1
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 24Frost Jun 28N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
TomatoesFrost May 18Frost Jul 13N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 28