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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Richmond, QC

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 20 (at BROMPTONVILLE, QC climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 7Frost June 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CabbageFrost May 30Frost Jun 27N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 24
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
CauliflowerFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 29Frost June 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 1
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 24
EggplantsFrost Apr 7Frost June 24N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 22
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 24
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
KaleFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 24
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 18Frost July 1N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
TomatoesFrost Apr 12Frost June 24N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 24
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 8

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 27 (at BROMPTONVILLE, QC climate station, elevation 426 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
BasilFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon May 6
CauliflowerFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 1
Moon Jun 17-Jul 1
CucumbersFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jul 1
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-Jul 1
EggplantsFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 6-13
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 13-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
OreganoFrost Mar 18-Apr 15
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon Jun 4-10
PumpkinsFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
RosemaryFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
N/A
SageFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 17-Jul 1
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 6-13
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 18-Apr 15
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 8
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 8
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3