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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Brandon, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 6 (at SIOUX FALLS 14 NNE, SD climate station, elevation 1594 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon May 6-13
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 6-15
CauliflowerFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
CornN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 22-May 20
Moon Apr 22-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
OreganoFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7, Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 10-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon Jun 4-10
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7, Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 20-Jun 3, Jun 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 20-Jun 3, Jun 17

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 28 (at SIOUX FALLS 14 NNE, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 10N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 17Frost Jul 15N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 7Frost Jul 5N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
CauliflowerFrost Jun 17Frost Jul 15N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 6Frost Jun 15N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
EggplantsFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 10N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 30
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
KaleFrost Jul 7Frost Aug 4N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 26Frost June 10N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
TomatoesFrost Apr 20Frost Jun 15N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 30