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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Custer, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 21 (at CUSTER, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 8Frost June 15N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 8N/A
CabbageFrost May 31Frost Jun 28N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 22
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
CauliflowerFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 8N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 30Frost June 15N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 29
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 22
EggplantsFrost Apr 8Frost June 22N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 22
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 28Frost Jun 23N/A
KaleFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 22
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 19Frost June 29N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
TomatoesFrost Apr 13Frost June 22N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 22
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 6
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 6

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 25 (at CUSTER, SD climate station, elevation 5479 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
BasilFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 16-29
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1-14
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-29
CauliflowerFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1-14
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-29
Moon Jun 8-14, Jun 28-29
CucumbersFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 29
Moon May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-22
Moon Jun 1-14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1-14
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 4-11
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 8
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-29, May 16-18
OreganoFrost Mar 16-Apr 13
Moon Mar 16-18, Apr 1-13
Frost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 16-25
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 18-29
PumpkinsFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-31, Apr 17-20
RosemaryFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
Frost Jun 1-22
Moon Jun 1-14
N/A
SageFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 15-29
Moon Jun 15-27
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 4-11
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 16-Apr 13
Moon Mar 16-18, Apr 1-13
Frost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost Jun 1-22
Moon Jun 1-14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-29, May 16-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-Jul 6
Moon Jun 8-14, Jun 28-Jul 6
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-Jul 6
Moon Jun 8-14, Jun 28-Jul 6