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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Eureka, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 18 (at EUREKA, SD climate station, elevation 1870 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
BasilFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-22
Moon Jun 1- 3, Jun 17-22
CucumbersFrost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 22
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 25-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 4-Jun 1
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-Jun 1
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
OreganoFrost Mar 8-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon May 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 19-27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 6-13
RosemaryFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 19-27
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-16
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 8-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
WatermelonsFrost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 1- 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-29
Moon Jun 1- 3, Jun 17-29
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-29
Moon Jun 1- 3, Jun 17-29

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 22 (at EUREKA, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 9Frost June 8N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 11Frost Jul 9N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 1Frost Jun 29N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
CauliflowerFrost Jun 11Frost Jul 9N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 31Frost Jun 9N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
EggplantsFrost Apr 9Frost June 15N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 24
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
KaleFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 15
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 15
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 20Frost June 22N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
TomatoesFrost Apr 14Frost June 15N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 29
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost June 29