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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Fort Pierre, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 12 (at PIERRE RGNL AP, SD climate station, elevation 1742 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
CornN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 26-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 16
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-28
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost Apr 28-May 26
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19-26
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-18
OreganoFrost Mar 2-31
Moon Mar 2- 7, Mar 21-31
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon May 6-12
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-21
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 17-20, Apr 6- 7
RosemaryFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-21
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 4-16
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-28
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 2-31
Moon Mar 2- 7, Mar 21-31
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 23
Moon May 26-Jun 3, Jun 17-23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 23
Moon May 26-Jun 3, Jun 17-23

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 28 (at PIERRE RGNL AP, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 10N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 17Frost Jul 15N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 7Frost Jul 5N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 9
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
CauliflowerFrost Jun 17Frost Jul 15N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 6Frost Jun 15N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
EggplantsFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 10N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 30
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
KaleFrost Jul 7Frost Aug 4N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 9
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 26Frost June 16N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
TomatoesFrost Apr 20Frost Jun 15N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 9
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 30