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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Marion, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 3 (at BRIDGEWATER, SD climate station, elevation 1417 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
BasilFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 10
Moon May 6-10
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Apr 6-12
CauliflowerFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 17-Jun 7
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 3-Jun 7
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 21-Mar 22
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7, Mar 21-22
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon May 6-17
PumpkinsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
SageFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 7
Moon Jun 4- 7
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 21-Mar 22
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7, Mar 21-22
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 17-Jun 14
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 17-Jun 14
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 1 (at BRIDGEWATER, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 8N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
CauliflowerFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 9Frost Jun 18N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
EggplantsFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 2
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
KaleFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 31
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 29Frost June 7N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
TomatoesFrost Apr 23Frost Jun 18N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 3