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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Platte, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 5 (at ACADEMY 2NE, SD climate station, elevation 1679 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon May 6-12
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 6-14
CauliflowerFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-14
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 9
Moon May 5, May 20-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 20-23
Frost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 21-May 19
Moon Apr 21-May 5, May 19
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
OreganoFrost Feb 23-Mar 24
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7, Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 19-21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
SageFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 4- 9
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 23-Mar 24
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7, Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 16
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 16
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 1 (at ACADEMY 2NE, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 8N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
CauliflowerFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 9Frost Jun 18N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
EggplantsFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 2
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
KaleFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 2
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 29Frost June 9N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
TomatoesFrost Apr 23Frost Jun 18N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 3