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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Scotland, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 29 (at MENNO, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 16Frost Jun 11N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 18Frost Jul 16N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 8Frost Jul 6N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
CauliflowerFrost Jun 18Frost Jul 16N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 7Frost Jun 16N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
EggplantsFrost Apr 16Frost Jun 11N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
KaleFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 27Frost June 10N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
TomatoesFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 16N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 1

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 6 (at MENNO, SD climate station, elevation 1332 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
BasilFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
CauliflowerFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 6-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
CucumbersFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 10
Moon May 6-15, May 30-Jun 10
EggplantsFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 20
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 1-15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29, May 16-20
PumpkinsFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-16
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 6-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 1-15
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14