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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Sioux Falls, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 30 (at SIOUX FALLS, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
CauliflowerFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 8Frost Jun 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
EggplantsFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 1
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
KaleFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 28Frost June 10N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
TomatoesFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 2

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 6 (at SIOUX FALLS, SD climate station, elevation 1430 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon May 6-13
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 6-15
CauliflowerFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
CornN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 22-May 20
Moon Apr 22-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
OreganoFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7, Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 10-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon Jun 4-10
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7, Mar 21-25
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 20-Jun 3, Jun 17
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 20-Jun 3, Jun 17