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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Viborg, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 7 (at CENTERVILLE 6 SE, SD climate station, elevation 1276 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 23-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon May 6-14
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 19-30
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 6-16
CauliflowerFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 19-30
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
CornN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 21-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 7-Jun 11
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 11-25
Moon Feb 20-25
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 19-30
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Frost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 19-23
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Frost Apr 23-May 21
Moon Apr 23-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-18
OreganoFrost Feb 25-Mar 26
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7, Mar 21-26
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16-18, May 6- 7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 11-Apr 2
Moon Mar 11-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 4-11
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Frost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 19-23
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 25-Mar 26
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7, Mar 21-26
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 18
Moon May 21-Jun 3, Jun 17-18
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 18
Moon May 21-Jun 3, Jun 17-18

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 26 (at CENTERVILLE 6 SE, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 8N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 3N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 4
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
CauliflowerFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 4Frost Jun 13N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
EggplantsFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 8N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 28
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 3Frost Jun 28N/A
KaleFrost Jul 5Frost Aug 2N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 4
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 24Frost June 11N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
TomatoesFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 4
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 18
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 28