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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Yankton, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 2 (at YANKTON 2 E, SD climate station, elevation 1181 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
BasilFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 18, May 6- 9
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-25
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
CauliflowerFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-25
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 2-Jun 6
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Mar 14-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 9-30
Moon May 19-30
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-25
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
Frost Apr 11-18
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
Frost Apr 18-May 16
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 20-Mar 21
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon May 6-16
PumpkinsFrost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 19-25
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 9-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
SageFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 23-Jun 6
Moon Jun 4- 6
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
Frost Apr 11-18
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 20-Mar 21
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost May 9-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 4-11
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 13
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 13
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 4 (at YANKTON 2 E, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 16N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 23Frost Jul 21N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 13Frost Jul 11N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 6
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
CauliflowerFrost Jun 23Frost Jul 21N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 12Frost Jun 21N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
EggplantsFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 16N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 5
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
KaleFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 31
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 30
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 2Frost Jun 6N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
TomatoesFrost Apr 26Frost Jun 21N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 6
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 6