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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for College Station, TX

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 6 (at COLLEGE STN, TX climate station, elevation 305 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
BasilFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 6-27
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 21-27
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 13
Moon Mar 8-13
Bell PeppersFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6
Frost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
BroccoliFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 20-27
N/A
CabbageFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Feb 6-13
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jan 30-Feb 13
Moon Feb 6-13
CauliflowerFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 20-27
N/A
CeleryFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6
Frost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 6-20
Moon Mar 6- 7
CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
CucumbersFrost Feb 6-13
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-Apr 10
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 21-Apr 5
EggplantsFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Dec 12-26
Moon Dec 23-26
Frost Jan 16-Feb 6
Moon Jan 21-Feb 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6
Frost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 20-27
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 20
N/A
LettuceFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 20-Mar 20
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 6-19
OreganoFrost Dec 26-Jan 23
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6, Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 6-27
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 21-27
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 13-Mar 6
Moon Feb 13-19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jan 23-Feb 13
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 27-Mar 20
Moon Mar 8-20
PumpkinsFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 20-27
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jan 9-30
Moon Jan 9-20
RosemaryFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
SageFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 6-20
Moon Mar 6- 7
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Jan 23-Feb 13
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 6-10
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 20
N/A
ThymeFrost Dec 26-Jan 23
Moon Dec 26-Jan 6, Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 6-27
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 21-27
N/A
TomatoesFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 21-23
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 6-19
WatermelonsFrost Feb 6-13
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 17
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 17
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 22 (at COLLEGE STN, TX climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 18
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
Bell PeppersFrost Jun 9Frost Aug 4N/A
BroccoliFrost Aug 11Frost Sep 8N/A
CabbageFrost Aug 1Frost Aug 29N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
CauliflowerFrost Aug 11Frost Sep 8N/A
CeleryFrost May 31Frost Aug 9N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
EggplantsFrost Jun 9Frost Aug 4N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 23
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 29Frost Aug 24N/A
KaleFrost Aug 31Frost Sep 28N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 13
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 18
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 28
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 25N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 13
TomatoesFrost Jun 14Frost Aug 9N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 13
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 24