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Planting Calendar for San Antonio, TX

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 5 (at SAN ANTONIO INCARNATE WORD, TX climate station, elevation 698 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 13-24
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Oct 21
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 25-Mar 5
Mar 5
BasilFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Oct 7
BeetsN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 25-Mar 5
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 6-8
Mar 19
Bell PeppersFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
N/AAug 26
Bok ChoyFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Apr 16
BroccoliFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Sep 16
Brussels SproutsFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Aug 12
CabbageFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Aug 5
CantaloupesFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 13-24
Frost Mar 5-19
Moon Mar 10-19
Frost Mar 12-19
Moon Mar 12-19
Aug 12
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-8
Sep 9
CauliflowerFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 27-Mar 12
Moon Mar 10-12
N/ASep 9
CeleryFrost Dec 12-26
Moon Dec 12-26
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 5
Sep 9
ChivesFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Sep 23
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 5-19
Moon Mar 10-19
Mar 26
CollardsFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Sep 9
CucumbersFrost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Sep 9
DillN/AN/AFrost Feb 27-Mar 19
Moon Mar 10-19
Sep 23
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Aug 12
EggplantsFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
N/ASep 9
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
FennelFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Mar 12-19
Moon Mar 12-19
Frost Mar 5-19
Moon Mar 10-19
Sep 2
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 2
Moon Mar 12-25
Sep 9
Honeydew MelonsFrost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Aug 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
KohlrabiFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
LeeksFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26
Frost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 13-24
N/AAug 5
LettuceFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 9-20
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Sep 9
OnionsN/AFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-8
N/AAug 12
OreganoFrost Dec 26-Jan 23
Moon Dec 26, Jan 11-23
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
N/ASep 9
ParsleyFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Feb 6-Mar 12
Moon Feb 9-24
Sep 2
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 6-8
Aug 12
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-Apr 7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-8
Sep 9
PumpkinsFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 13-24
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Aug 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 6-8
Sep 23
RosemaryFrost Dec 12-26
Moon Dec 12-26
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
N/ASep 23
SageFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
N/ASep 2
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-8
Aug 12
SpinachFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 9-13
Mar 19
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Sep 2
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 26-Apr 2
Aug 5
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Feb 20-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Feb 13-Mar 5
Moon Feb 13-24
Mar 19
ThymeFrost Dec 26-Jan 9
Moon Dec 26
Frost Mar 12-19
Moon Mar 12-19
N/AAug 26
TomatillosFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-25
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
N/ASep 2
TomatoesFrost Jan 9-23
Moon Jan 11-23
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
N/AAug 19
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-13
Moon Feb 6-8
Oct 21
WatermelonsFrost Feb 13-27
Moon Feb 13-24
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Mar 12-19
Moon Mar 12-19
Aug 19
Winter SquashFrost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Jul 29
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Feb 13-20
Moon Feb 13-20
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 19-25
Sep 16

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 18 (at SAN ANTONIO INCARNATE WORD, TX climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Sep 30-Nov 4
Moon Oct 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Aug 26-Sep 23
Moon Aug 26-Sep 1, Sep 18-23
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Sep 9-30
Moon Sep 9-17
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Aug 19-26
Moon Aug 19
Frost Sep 9-23
Moon Sep 9-17
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jul 29-Aug 12
Moon Aug 4-12
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Aug 19-26
Moon Aug 19
Frost Sep 9-16
Moon Sep 9-16
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Sep 2-9
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Aug 12-19
Moon Aug 12-19
Frost Aug 26-Sep 2
Moon Sep 2
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Aug 26-Sep 23
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Aug 19-Sep 2
Moon Aug 19
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Dec 2-16
Moon Dec 16
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Sep 2-16
Moon Sep 2-16
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Sep 9-23
Moon Sep 9-17
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Sep 16-Oct 7
Moon Sep 16-17, Oct 2-7
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Sep 9-23
Moon Sep 9-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Sep 16-Oct 7
Moon Sep 16-17, Oct 2-7
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Sep 9-23
Moon Sep 9-17
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Oct 7-21
Moon Oct 18-21
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Sep 30-Oct 21
Moon Oct 2-17
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Sep 9-23
Moon Sep 9-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Sep 16-30
Moon Sep 18-30
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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