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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for San Antonio, TX

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 5 (at SAN ANTONIO INCARNATE WORD, TX climate station, elevation 698 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
BasilFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 5-26
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-26
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 12
Moon Feb 19, Mar 8-12
Bell PeppersFrost Dec 25-Jan 8
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 21-26
N/A
BroccoliFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 5, Feb 20-26
N/A
CabbageFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Feb 5-12
Moon Feb 5
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 6-12
CauliflowerFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 5, Feb 20-26
N/A
CeleryFrost Dec 25-Jan 8
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 21-26
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-12
Moon Feb 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 5-19
Moon Mar 5- 7
CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
CucumbersFrost Feb 5-12
Moon Feb 5
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-Apr 9
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-Apr 5
EggplantsFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Dec 11-25
Moon Dec 23-25
Frost Jan 15-Feb 5
Moon Jan 21-Feb 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Dec 25-Jan 8
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 21-26
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 5, Feb 20-26
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
Frost Feb 12-19
N/A
LettuceFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
Frost Feb 19-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 6-19
OreganoFrost Dec 25-Jan 22
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6, Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 5-26
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-26
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 12-19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jan 22-Feb 12
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 19
Moon Mar 8-12, Mar 13-19
PumpkinsFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jan 8-29
Moon Jan 8-20
RosemaryFrost Dec 25-Jan 8
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6
Frost Mar 12-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
SageFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 5-19
Moon Mar 5- 7
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Jan 22-Feb 12
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
Frost Feb 12-19
N/A
ThymeFrost Dec 25-Jan 22
Moon Dec 25-Jan 6, Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 5-26
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-26
N/A
TomatoesFrost Jan 8-22
Moon Jan 21-22
Frost Mar 12-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-26
Moon Feb 6-19
WatermelonsFrost Feb 5-12
Moon Feb 5
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 16
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 16
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 18 (at SAN ANTONIO INCARNATE WORD, TX climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 14
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Oct 4
Bell PeppersFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 31N/A
BroccoliFrost Aug 7Frost Sep 4N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 28Frost Aug 25N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
CauliflowerFrost Aug 7Frost Sep 4N/A
CeleryFrost May 27Frost Aug 5N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
EggplantsFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 31N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 19
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 25Frost Aug 20N/A
KaleFrost Aug 27Frost Sep 24N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 9
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 14
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 24
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 16Frost Jul 21N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 9
TomatoesFrost Jun 10Frost Aug 5N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 9
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Aug 5
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 20