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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Toronto, ON

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 13 (at TORONTO, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 22Frost Jul 20N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
CauliflowerFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 30N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
EggplantsFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
KaleFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 1
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 11Frost Jun 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
TomatoesFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 15

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 4 (at TORONTO, ON climate station, elevation 367 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
BasilFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
CucumbersFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 8
Moon May 4-15, May 30-Jun 8
EggplantsFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 20-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
OreganoFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-29, May 16-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 19-30
RosemaryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
SageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
WatermelonsFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14