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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Fairfax, VA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 20 (at VIENNA, VA climate station, elevation 416 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
BasilFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 8-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 19-30
CauliflowerFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 8-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-30
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
CornN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
CucumbersFrost Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 25
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 8-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-May 4
Moon Apr 6-16, Apr 30-May 4
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-31
OreganoFrost Feb 8-Mar 8
Moon Feb 8-16, Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-31, Apr 17-20
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 8-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
PumpkinsFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 22-Mar 16
Moon Feb 22-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 8-16
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
SageFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 8-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 16-25
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 8-Mar 8
Moon Feb 8-16, Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 30-May 11
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 1
Moon May 4-15, May 30-Jun 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 1
Moon May 4-15, May 30-Jun 1

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 24 (at VIENNA, VA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
Bell PeppersFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 3Frost Jul 31N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
CauliflowerFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
CeleryFrost May 2Frost Jul 11N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
EggplantsFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 31Frost Jul 26N/A
KaleFrost Aug 2Frost Aug 30N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 6
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 22Frost Jun 26N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
TomatoesFrost May 16Frost Jul 11N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 26