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Planting Calendar for Williamsburg, VA | Almanac.com

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Planting Calendar for Williamsburg, VA

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 5 (at WILLIAMSBURG 2 N, VA climate station, elevation 68 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-25
Frost Mar 7-15
Oct 8
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Sep 24
BeetsN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Frost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Apr 19
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
N/AAug 13
Bok ChoyFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
May 17
BroccoliFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 7-15
Sep 3
Brussels SproutsFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 7-15
Jul 30
CabbageFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 7-15
Jul 23
CantaloupesFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-25
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Jul 30
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-22
Aug 27
CauliflowerFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Apr 8-12
N/AAug 27
CeleryFrost Jan 11-25
Moon Jan 11-25
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Apr 5
Aug 27
ChivesFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Sep 10
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Apr 26
CollardsFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Aug 27
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Aug 20
CucumbersFrost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Aug 27
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Apr 8-19
Sep 10
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Jul 30
EggplantsFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
N/AAug 27
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
FennelFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Aug 20
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-23
Aug 27
Honeydew MelonsFrost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Aug 6
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
KohlrabiFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
LeeksFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-25
N/AJul 23
LettuceFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Aug 27
Onion SetsN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-22
N/AJul 30
OreganoFrost Jan 25-Feb 22
Moon Jan 25, Feb 9-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
N/AAug 27
ParsleyFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Mar 7-Apr 12
Moon Mar 23-25
Aug 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Jul 30
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-22
Aug 27
PumpkinsFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-25
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Jul 23
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Sep 10
RosemaryFrost Jan 11-25
Moon Jan 11-25
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
N/ASep 10
SageFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
N/AAug 20
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7-22
Jul 30
SpinachFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Mar 7-15
Apr 19
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
Jul 23
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 15-25
Apr 19
ThymeFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
N/AAug 13
TomatillosFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
N/AAug 20
TomatoesFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
N/AAug 6
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7-15
Oct 8
WatermelonsFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-25
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Aug 6
Winter SquashFrost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Jul 16
Zucchini and Summer SquashFrost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 15-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Apr 19-26
Moon Apr 19-23
Sep 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 5 (at WILLIAMSBURG 2 N, VA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Sep 17-Oct 22
Moon Sep 17, Oct 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Aug 13-Sep 10
Moon Aug 20-Sep 1
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Aug 27-Sep 17
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Aug 6-13
Moon Aug 6-13
Frost Aug 27-Sep 10
Moon Sep 2-10
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jul 16-30
Moon Jul 16-21
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Aug 6-13
Moon Aug 6-13
Frost Aug 27-Sep 3
Moon Sep 2- 3
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Aug 20-27
Moon Aug 20-27
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 30-Aug 6
Moon Aug 4- 6
Frost Aug 13-20
Moon Aug 13-19
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Aug 13-Sep 10
Moon Aug 13-19, Sep 2-10
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Aug 6-20
Moon Aug 6-19
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Nov 19-Dec 3
Moon Nov 19-30
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Aug 20-Sep 3
Moon Sep 2- 3
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Aug 27-Sep 10
Moon Sep 2-10
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Sep 3-24
Moon Sep 3-17
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Aug 27-Sep 10
Moon Sep 2-10
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Sep 3-24
Moon Sep 3-17
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Aug 27-Sep 10
Moon Sep 2-10
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Sep 24-Oct 8
Moon Sep 24-Oct 1
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Sep 17-Oct 8
Moon Sep 17, Oct 2- 8
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Aug 27-Sep 10
Moon Sep 2-10
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Sep 3-17
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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