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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Williamsburg, VA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 5 (at WILLIAMSBURG 2 N, VA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 1
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 21
Bell PeppersFrost May 23Frost Jul 18N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 25Frost Aug 22N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 15Frost Aug 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
CauliflowerFrost Jul 25Frost Aug 22N/A
CeleryFrost May 14Frost Jul 23N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
EggplantsFrost May 23Frost Jul 18N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 12Frost Aug 7N/A
KaleFrost Aug 14Frost Sep 11N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 1
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 11
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 3Frost Jul 8N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
TomatoesFrost May 28Frost Jul 23N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 7

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 5 (at WILLIAMSBURG 2 N, VA climate station, elevation 68 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Apr 6-12
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Mar 8-15
CauliflowerFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
CucumbersFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-May 10
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 10-24
Moon Jan 21-24
Frost Feb 14-Mar 7
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 21-22
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 19
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5, Apr 19
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 8-20
OreganoFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5, Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 15-20
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Apr 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 7-28
Moon Feb 7-19
RosemaryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
SageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 6-10
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 21-22
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5, Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 8-20
WatermelonsFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 19-May 5
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 19-May 5