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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Midwest, WY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 29 (at MIDWEST, WY climate station, elevation 4858 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 15-29
Moon May 19-29
BasilFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15-18, Jun 4- 5
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
Bok ChoyFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 1-22
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-22
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
Frost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon May 6- 8
CauliflowerFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 1-22
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-22
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29-Jun 3
CollardsN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-Jul 3
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
CucumbersFrost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
Frost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jul 3
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-Jul 3
EggplantsFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5- 7
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-26
Moon Jun 17-26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 1-22
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-22
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost May 8-15
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost May 15-Jun 12
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 6-18
OreganoFrost Mar 20-Apr 17
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 8-29
Moon May 8-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 6-15
PumpkinsFrost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
Frost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 6-18
RosemaryFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Frost Jun 5-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
SageFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29-Jun 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 19-Jul 3
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Frost May 8-15
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 20-Apr 17
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
N/A
TomatillosFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost Jun 19-Jul 3
Moon Jun 19-Jul 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
Frost Jun 5-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 6-18
WatermelonsFrost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
Frost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 17-26
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-Jul 10
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
Zucchini, Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-Jul 10
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 16 (at MIDWEST, WY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 2
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 3Frost June 19N/A
Bok ChoyN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
BroccoliFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 3N/A
CabbageFrost May 26Frost Jun 23N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 26
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
CauliflowerFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 3N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 25Frost June 19N/A
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
CornN/AN/AFrost July 3
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 26
EggplantsFrost Apr 3Frost June 26N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 18
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 23Frost June 19N/A
KaleFrost Jun 25Frost Jul 23N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 26
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 29
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 26
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 14Frost July 3N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
TomatillosN/AN/AFrost July 3
TomatoesFrost Apr 8Frost June 26N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 26
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 10
Zucchini, Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost July 10
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