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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Duluth, MN

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 5 (at DULUTH HARBOR STN, MN climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 19
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
CauliflowerFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 22N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
EggplantsFrost Apr 22Frost June 19N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
KaleFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 19
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 3Frost June 26N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
TomatoesFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 19
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 7

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 22 (at DULUTH HARBOR STN, MN climate station, elevation 610 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 8-15
BasilFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 8-29
Moon May 16-29
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 17-29
CauliflowerFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-26
Moon Jun 5-14
CucumbersFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 26
Moon May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 8
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 8-Jun 5
Moon May 8-15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-29
OreganoFrost Mar 12-Apr 10
Moon Mar 12-18, Apr 1-10
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 16-22
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 16-29
PumpkinsFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-31, Apr 17
RosemaryFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
SageFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 15-26
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 8
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 12-Apr 10
Moon Mar 12-18, Apr 1-10
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 5-14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-Jul 3
Moon Jun 5-14, Jun 28-Jul 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-Jul 3
Moon Jun 5-14, Jun 28-Jul 3