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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Chicago, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 1 (at CHICAGO NORTHERLY IS, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
Bell PeppersFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
CauliflowerFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
CeleryFrost May 10Frost Jul 19N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
EggplantsFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 8Frost Aug 3N/A
KaleFrost Aug 10Frost Sep 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 7
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 30Frost Jul 4N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
TomatoesFrost May 24Frost Jul 19N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 3

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 17 (at CHICAGO NORTHERLY IS, IL climate station, elevation 583 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
BasilFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 17-24
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 20-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 19-27
CauliflowerFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-27
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
CornN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 1-15
CucumbersFrost Mar 20-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 22
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost Mar 27-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost Apr 3-May 1
Moon Apr 3-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20-31
OreganoFrost Feb 5-Mar 5
Moon Feb 5-16, Mar 2- 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-31, Apr 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 17-29
PumpkinsFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 12
Moon Feb 19-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5-16
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
SageFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 16-22
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost Mar 27-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 5-Mar 5
Moon Feb 5-16, Mar 2- 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Mar 2- 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 20-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 1-29
Moon May 1-15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 1-29
Moon May 1-15