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Planting Calendar for Centerville, Appanoose County, IA | Almanac.com

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Planting Calendar for Centerville, IA

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you're already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost but also many are frost-tolerant—and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they can still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot tempertures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 6 (at CENTERVILLE, IA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 18-Sep 22
Moon Aug 18-30, Sep 14-22
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 14-Aug 11
Moon Jul 14-16, Aug 2-11
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jul 28-Aug 18
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1, Aug 16-18
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 7-14
Frost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
60Frost-tolerant
CabbageFrost Jul 7-14
Frost Jul 28-Aug 4
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 21-28
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jun 30-Jul 7
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3
Frost Jul 14-21
Moon Jul 17-21
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 14-Aug 11
Moon Jul 17-Aug 1
N/A70Frost-tolerant
GarlicFrost Oct 20-Nov 3
Moon Oct 29-Nov 3
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 21-Aug 4
Moon Jul 21-Aug 1
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 4-25
Moon Aug 16-25
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
N/A60Frost-tolerant
PeasFrost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 25-Sep 8
Moon Aug 31-Sep 8
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 18-Sep 8
Moon Aug 18-30
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 1
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 4-18
Moon Aug 4-15
N/A50Frost-tolerant

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 3 (at CENTERVILLE, IA climate station, elevation 905 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Sep 8
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
May 3
BasilFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
Aug 25
BeetsN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 6-12
May 17
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AJul 14
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Jun 14
BroccoliFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Aug 4
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Dec 27-Jan 10
Moon Dec 27-Jan 6
Jun 30
CabbageFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
Jun 23
CantaloupesFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
Frost May 10-17
Jun 30
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 6-18
Jul 28
CauliflowerFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/AJul 28
CeleryFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 3
Moon May 3
Jul 28
ChivesFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Aug 11
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
May 24
CollardsFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Jul 28
CornN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
Jul 21
CucumbersFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Jul 28
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Aug 11
EggplantsFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AJul 28
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
Jul 28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
KohlrabiFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
LettuceFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
OkraFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
Jul 28
Onion SetsN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 6-18
N/AJun 30
OreganoFrost Feb 21-Mar 22
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7, Mar 21-22
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AJul 28
ParsleyFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost Apr 5-May 10
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-May 5
Jul 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 6-12
Jun 30
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 6-18
Jul 28
PumpkinsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Jun 23
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 6-12
Aug 11
RosemaryFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AAug 11
SageFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AJul 21
SpinachFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
May 17
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 17-18
Jun 23
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
May 17
ThymeFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 10-17
N/AJul 14
TomatillosFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
N/AJul 21
TomatoesFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/AJul 7
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 6-12
Sep 8
WatermelonsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 10-17
Jul 7
Winter SquashFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Jun 16
Zucchini and Summer SquashFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
Aug 4
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