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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Chicago, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 1 (at CHICAGO NORTHERLY IS, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
Bell PeppersFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
CauliflowerFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
CeleryFrost May 10Frost Jul 19N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
EggplantsFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 2
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 8Frost Aug 3N/A
KaleFrost Aug 10Frost Sep 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 7
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 30Frost Jul 4N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
TomatoesFrost May 24Frost Jul 19N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 3

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 17 (at CHICAGO NORTHERLY IS, IL climate station, elevation 583 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
BasilFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 13-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
CornN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-22
CucumbersFrost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 22
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 22-Feb 5
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
Frost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5- 7
Frost Mar 27-Apr 3
Moon Mar 27-Apr 3
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5- 7
Frost Apr 3-May 1
Moon Apr 3- 5, Apr 19-May 1
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20, Apr 6-10
OreganoFrost Feb 5-Mar 5
Moon Feb 5, Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Apr 6-17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 13
Moon Feb 19, Mar 8-13
RosemaryFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-27
Moon Mar 5- 7, Mar 21-27
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 8-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5- 7
Frost Mar 27-Apr 3
Moon Mar 27-Apr 3
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 5-Mar 5
Moon Feb 5, Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20, Apr 6-10
WatermelonsFrost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 1-29
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-29
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 1-29
Moon May 1- 5, May 19-29