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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Elk Grove Village, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 24 (at CHICAGO OHARE INTL AP, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
Bell PeppersFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 3Frost Jul 31N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
CauliflowerFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
CeleryFrost May 2Frost Jul 11N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
EggplantsFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 25
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 31Frost Jul 26N/A
KaleFrost Aug 2Frost Aug 30N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 6
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 22Frost Jun 26N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
TomatoesFrost May 16Frost Jul 11N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 26

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 22 (at CHICAGO OHARE INTL AP, IL climate station, elevation 659 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
BasilFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
CucumbersFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 27
Moon Apr 22-May 5, May 19-27
EggplantsFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 27-Feb 10
Moon Jan 27-Feb 5
Frost Mar 3-25
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-25
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 6-15
OreganoFrost Feb 10-Mar 10
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
PumpkinsFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 24-Mar 18
Moon Mar 8-18
RosemaryFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
SageFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 10-Mar 10
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 6-15
WatermelonsFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3