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Planting Calendar for South Bend, IN | Almanac.com

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Planting Calendar for South Bend, IN

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you're already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost but also many are frost-tolerant—and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they can still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot tempertures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 18 (at S BEND, IN climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 30-Oct 4
Moon Aug 30, Sep 14-29
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 26-Aug 23
Moon Aug 2-15
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Aug 9-30
Moon Aug 16-30
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 19-26
Moon Jul 19-26
Frost Aug 9-23
Moon Aug 16-23
60Frost-tolerant
CabbageFrost Jul 19-26
Moon Jul 19-26
Frost Aug 9-16
Moon Aug 16
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Aug 2- 9
Moon Aug 2- 9
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 12-19
Moon Jul 17-19
Frost Jul 26-Aug 2
Moon Jul 26-Aug 1
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 26-Aug 23
Moon Jul 26-Aug 1, Aug 16-23
N/A70Frost-tolerant
GarlicFrost Nov 1-14
Moon Nov 1-12
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Aug 2-16
Moon Aug 16
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Aug 9-23
Moon Aug 16-23
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 16-Sep 6
Moon Aug 16-30
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Aug 9-23
Moon Aug 16-23
N/A60Frost-tolerant
PeasFrost Aug 9-23
Moon Aug 16-23
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Sep 6-20
Moon Sep 6-13
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 30-Sep 20
Moon Aug 30, Sep 14-20
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Aug 9-23
Moon Aug 16-23
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 16-30
N/A50Frost-tolerant

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 30 (at S BEND, IN climate station, elevation 708 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Sep 20
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-18
Apr 30
BasilFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
Sep 6
BeetsN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-18
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
May 14
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AJul 26
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Jun 11
BroccoliFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Aug 16
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Jan 21-Feb 4
Moon Jan 21-Feb 4
Frost Dec 24-Jan 7
Moon Dec 24-Jan 6
Jul 12
CabbageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Jul 5
CantaloupesFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost May 7-14
Jul 12
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 6-16
Aug 9
CauliflowerFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/AAug 9
CeleryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost Apr 30
Moon Apr 30
Aug 9
ChivesFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Aug 23
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
May 21
CollardsFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Apr 9-16
Aug 9
CornN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
Aug 2
CucumbersFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Aug 9
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-May 5
Aug 23
EggplantsFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AAug 9
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
Aug 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
KohlrabiFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
LettuceFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
OkraFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
Aug 9
Onion SetsN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 6-16
N/AJul 12
OreganoFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AAug 9
ParsleyFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost Apr 2-May 7
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-May 5
Aug 2
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
Jul 12
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 6-16
Aug 9
PumpkinsFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Jul 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
Aug 23
RosemaryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AAug 23
SageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AAug 2
SpinachFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
May 14
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 14-18
Jul 5
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 19-30
May 14
ThymeFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-14
N/AJul 26
TomatillosFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/AAug 2
TomatoesFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
N/AJul 19
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
Sep 20
WatermelonsFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 7-14
Jul 19
Winter SquashFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Jun 28
Zucchini and Summer SquashFrost Apr 9-16
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Aug 16
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