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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Black Eagle, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 11 (at GREAT FALLS 16ST, MT climate station, elevation 3503 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
CornN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 25-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 15
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 27-May 25
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-25
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
OreganoFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-20, Apr 6
RosemaryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 4-15
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 25-Jun 3, Jun 17-22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 25-Jun 3, Jun 17-22

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 25 (at GREAT FALLS 16ST, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 12Frost Jun 7N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 4Frost Jul 2N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 8
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
CauliflowerFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 3Frost Jun 12N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
EggplantsFrost Apr 12Frost June 8N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 27
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
KaleFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 8
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 23Frost June 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
TomatoesFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 8
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 27