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Planting Calendar for Wilmington, NC | Almanac.com
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Planting Calendar for Wilmington, NC

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 26 (at WILMINGTON INTL AP, NC climate station, elevation 32 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Mar 4-19
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Oct 16
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 26
Mar 26
BasilFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-23
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-23
Oct 2
BeetsN/AFrost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 26
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Moon Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 15-25
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/AAug 21
Bok ChoyFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
May 7
BroccoliFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Sep 11
Brussels SproutsFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Aug 7
CabbageFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Jul 31
CantaloupesFrost Mar 4-19
Frost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 8-9
Frost Apr 2-9
Moon Apr 8-9
Aug 7
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Feb 26-Mar 12
Sep 4
CauliflowerFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
N/ASep 4
CeleryFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 11-15
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Mar 26
Sep 4
ChivesFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Mar 4-12
Frost Mar 4-12
Sep 18
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 8-9
Apr 16
CollardsFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 4-12
Sep 4
CucumbersFrost Mar 4-12
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Sep 4
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-25, Apr 8-9
Sep 18
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Aug 7
EggplantsFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/ASep 4
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
FennelFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Apr 2-9
Moon Apr 8-9
Frost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 8-9
Aug 28
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 8-23
Sep 4
Honeydew MelonsFrost Mar 4-12
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Aug 14
JalapeΓ±o PeppersFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 15-25
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
KohlrabiFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 4-12
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
LeeksFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 15-25
Frost Mar 4-19
N/AJul 31
LettuceFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 4-12
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-23
Sep 4
OnionsN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Feb 26-Mar 12
N/AAug 7
OreganoFrost Jan 15-Feb 12
Moon Jan 15-25, Feb 9-12
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
N/ASep 4
ParsleyFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 15-25
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Feb 26-Apr 2
Moon Mar 13-25
Aug 28
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 4
Moon Feb 26-Mar 4
Aug 7
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 24-30
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Feb 26-Mar 12
Sep 4
PumpkinsFrost Mar 4-19
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Jul 31
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 4
Moon Feb 26-Mar 4
Sep 18
RosemaryFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 11-15
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/ASep 18
SageFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
N/AAug 28
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Feb 26-Mar 12
Aug 7
SpinachFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 4-12
Frost Feb 26-Mar 4
Apr 9
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-23
Aug 28
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-23
Jul 31
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Mar 12-26
Moon Mar 12-25
Frost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 20-25
Apr 9
ThymeFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 15-25
Frost Apr 2-9
Moon Apr 8-9
N/AAug 21
TomatillosFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-24
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-23
N/AAug 28
TomatoesFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Feb 9-12
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/AAug 14
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 4
Moon Feb 26-Mar 4
Oct 16
WatermelonsFrost Mar 4-19
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost Apr 2-9
Moon Apr 8-9
Aug 14
Winter SquashFrost Mar 4-12
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Jul 24
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Mar 4-12
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Sep 11

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 13 (at WILMINGTON INTL AP, NC climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Sep 25-Oct 30
Moon Oct 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Aug 21-Sep 18
Moon Aug 21-Sep 1, Sep 18
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Sep 4-25
Moon Sep 4-17
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Aug 14-21
Moon Aug 14-19
Frost Sep 4-18
Moon Sep 4-17
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Aug 14-21
Moon Aug 14-19
Frost Sep 4-11
Moon Sep 4-11
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Aug 28-Sep 4
Moon Aug 28-Sep 1
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Aug 7-14
Moon Aug 7-14
Frost Aug 21-28
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Aug 21-Sep 18
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Aug 14-28
Moon Aug 14-19
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Nov 27-Dec 11
Moon Nov 27-30
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Aug 28-Sep 11
Moon Sep 2-11
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Sep 4-18
Moon Sep 4-17
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Sep 11-Oct 2
Moon Sep 11-17, Oct 2
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Sep 4-18
Moon Sep 4-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Sep 11-Oct 2
Moon Sep 11-17, Oct 2
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Sep 4-18
Moon Sep 4-17
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Oct 2-16
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Sep 25-Oct 16
Moon Oct 2-16
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Sep 4-18
Moon Sep 4-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Sep 11-25
Moon Sep 18-25
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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