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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for North Plainfield, NJ

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 22 (at PLAINFIELD, NJ climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
Bell PeppersFrost May 9Frost Jul 4N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 24
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
CauliflowerFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 30Frost Jul 9N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
EggplantsFrost May 9Frost Jul 4N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 23
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 29Frost Jul 24N/A
KaleFrost Jul 31Frost Aug 28N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 4
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 20Frost Jun 24N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
TomatoesFrost May 14Frost Jul 9N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 24
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 24

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 18 (at PLAINFIELD, NJ climate station, elevation 88 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
BasilFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
CornN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
CucumbersFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 23
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 27-Mar 21
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7, Mar 21
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-May 2
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-May 2
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
OreganoFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 14
Moon Mar 8-14
RosemaryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 9-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
WatermelonsFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30