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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Lake Ronkonkoma, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 16 (at ISLIP LI MACARTHUR AP, NY climate station, elevation 85 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
BasilFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 17-23
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4-16
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 30-May 7
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 19-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 19-26
CauliflowerFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4-16
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 30-May 7
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-26
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 15
CucumbersFrost Mar 19-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 21
Moon Apr 16, May 1-15
EggplantsFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4-16
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 30-May 7
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Mar 26-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 2-30
Moon Apr 2-16, Apr 30
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-31
OreganoFrost Feb 4-Mar 4
Moon Feb 4-16, Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Mar 26-31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 4-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 17-29
PumpkinsFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 18-Mar 11
Moon Feb 18-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4-16
Frost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
SageFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 4-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 7-21
Moon May 16-21
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Mar 26-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 4-Mar 4
Moon Feb 4-16, Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 19-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 28
Moon Apr 30-May 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 28
Moon Apr 30-May 15

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 28 (at ISLIP LI MACARTHUR AP, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
Bell PeppersFrost May 15Frost Jul 10N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 17Frost Aug 14N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 7Frost Aug 4N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 30
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
CauliflowerFrost Jul 17Frost Aug 14N/A
CeleryFrost May 6Frost Jul 15N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
EggplantsFrost May 15Frost Jul 10N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 4Frost Jul 30N/A
KaleFrost Aug 6Frost Sep 3N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 10
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 26Frost Jun 30N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
TomatoesFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 30
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 30