Quantcast
2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Niagara Falls, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 7 (at NIAGARA FALLS, ON climate station, elevation 597 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 30-May 7
BasilFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Mar 2-11
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-16, Apr 30
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
CauliflowerFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-16, Apr 30
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Mar 2-11
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 7-21
Moon May 7-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
CucumbersFrost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 7-Jun 11
Moon May 7-15, May 30-Jun 11
EggplantsFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Mar 2-11
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-16, Apr 30
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
Frost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
Frost Apr 23-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Feb 25-Mar 26
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Apr 1-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon May 16-21
PumpkinsFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 11-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Feb 25-Mar 11
Moon Mar 2-11
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
N/A
SageFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 7-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Apr 1-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 28-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
Frost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 25-Mar 26
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-18
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 18
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 18
Moon May 30-Jun 14

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 19 (at NIAGARA FALLS, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
Bell PeppersFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 28Frost Jul 26N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
CauliflowerFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 27Frost Jul 6N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
EggplantsFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 26Frost Jul 21N/A
KaleFrost Jul 28Frost Aug 25N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 5
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 4
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 17Frost Jun 21N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
TomatoesFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 21