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Planting Calendar for Fort Frances, ON

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 25 (at FORT FRANCES, ON climate station, elevation 1125 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Aug 19
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 24-25
May 25
BasilFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-21
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-21
Aug 5
BeetsN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 24-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
N/AJun 24
Bok ChoyFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jul 6
BroccoliFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jul 15
Brussels SproutsFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 10
CabbageFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 3
CantaloupesFrost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon Jun 6-8
Frost Jun 1-8
Moon Jun 6-8
Jun 10
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 6
Jul 8
CauliflowerFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 18-23
N/AJul 8
CeleryFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
Frost May 25
Jul 8
ChivesFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Jul 22
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon Jun 6-8
Jun 15
CollardsFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Jul 8
CucumbersFrost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jul 8
DillN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 18-23, Jun 6-8
Jul 22
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jun 10
EggplantsFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
N/AJul 8
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
FennelFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Jun 1-8
Moon Jun 6-8
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon Jun 6-8
Jul 1
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-22
Moon Jun 6-21
Jul 8
Honeydew MelonsFrost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jun 17
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
KohlrabiFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
LeeksFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
N/AJun 3
LettuceFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-21
Jul 8
OnionsN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 6
N/AJun 10
OreganoFrost Mar 16-Apr 13
Moon Mar 16-25, Apr 8-13
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
N/AJul 8
ParsleyFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
Frost Apr 27-Jun 1
Moon May 7-23
Jul 1
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
Jun 10
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15-29
Moon Jun 22-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 6
Jul 8
PumpkinsFrost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jun 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
Jul 22
RosemaryFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
N/AJul 22
SageFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
N/AJul 1
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 6
Jun 10
SpinachFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 8
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-21
Jul 1
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 22
Jun 3
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 7-23
Jun 8
ThymeFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Jun 1-8
Moon Jun 6-8
N/AJun 24
TomatillosFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Jun 8-22
Moon Jun 8-21
N/AJul 1
TomatoesFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
N/AJun 17
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Moon Apr 27-May 4
Aug 19
WatermelonsFrost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Frost Jun 1-8
Moon Jun 6-8
Jun 17
Winter SquashFrost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
May 27
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 6-15
Frost Jun 8-15
Moon Jun 8-15
Jul 15

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 16 (at FORT FRANCES, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Jul 29-Sep 2
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jun 24-Jul 22
Moon Jun 24-Jul 4, Jul 22
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jul 8-29
Moon Jul 8-21
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jun 17-24
Moon Jun 17-21
Frost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon Jun 6-10
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jun 17-24
Moon Jun 17-21
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 1-8
Moon Jul 1-4
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jun 10-17
Moon Jun 10-17
Frost Jun 24-Jul 1
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jun 24-Jul 22
Moon Jul 5-21
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jun 17-Jul 1
Moon Jun 17-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Sep 30-Oct 14
Moon Sep 30-Oct 1
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Jul 15-Aug 5
Moon Jul 15-21, Aug 4-5
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Jul 15-Aug 5
Moon Jul 15-21, Aug 4-5
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 5-19
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Jul 29-Aug 19
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Jul 15-29
Moon Jul 22-29
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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