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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Hill City, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 7 (at HILL CITY, SD climate station, elevation 4947 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 7
Moon May 24-Jun 3
BasilFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 7-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 14
Moon Jun 4-14
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost Jun 14-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 10-17
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 6-17
CauliflowerFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost Jun 14-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 10-17
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 7-21
Moon Jun 17-21
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 12
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
CucumbersFrost May 10-17
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 7-Jul 12
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
EggplantsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 14-Jul 5
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost Jun 14-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 24-Jun 21
Moon May 24-Jun 3, Jun 17-21
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 10-18
OreganoFrost Mar 29-Apr 26
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5, Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 7-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 17-Jun 7
Moon May 17-18, Jun 4- 7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 31-Jun 21
Moon Jun 4-16
PumpkinsFrost May 17-31
Moon May 19-31
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-18
RosemaryFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost Jun 14-Jul 5
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
SageFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 7-21
Moon Jun 17-21
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 28-Jul 12
Moon Jul 4-12
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 29-Apr 26
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5, Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 7-28
Moon Jun 17-28
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 14-Jul 5
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 10-18
WatermelonsFrost May 10-17
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 19
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3, Jul 17-19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 19
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3, Jul 17-19

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 5 (at HILL CITY, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 23Frost June 28N/A
BroccoliFrost May 25Frost Jun 22N/A
CabbageFrost May 15Frost Jun 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost July 5
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
CauliflowerFrost May 25Frost Jun 22N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 14Frost June 28N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 12
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost July 5
EggplantsFrost Mar 23Frost July 5N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 7
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost July 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 12Frost June 28N/A
KaleFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
OkraN/AN/AFrost July 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost June 7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost July 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 3Frost July 12N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
TomatoesFrost Mar 28Frost July 5N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost July 5
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 19
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 19