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Planting Calendar for Phenix City, AL

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 16 (at COLUMBUS METRO AP, GA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Sep 28-Nov 2
Moon Oct 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Aug 24-Sep 21
Moon Aug 24-Sep 1, Sep 18-21
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Sep 7-28
Moon Sep 7-17
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Aug 17-24
Moon Aug 17-19
Frost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 7-17
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jul 27-Aug 10
Moon Aug 4-10
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Aug 17-24
Moon Aug 17-19
Frost Sep 7-14
Moon Sep 7-14
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Aug 31-Sep 7
Moon Aug 31-Sep 1
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Aug 10-17
Moon Aug 10-17
Frost Aug 24-31
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Aug 24-Sep 21
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Aug 17-31
Moon Aug 17-19
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Nov 30-Dec 14
Moon Nov 30
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Aug 31-Sep 14
Moon Sep 2-14
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 7-17
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Sep 14-Oct 5
Moon Sep 14-17, Oct 2-5
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 7-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Sep 14-Oct 5
Moon Sep 14-17, Oct 2-5
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 7-17
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Oct 5-19
Moon Oct 18-19
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Sep 28-Oct 19
Moon Oct 2-17
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 7-17
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Sep 14-28
Moon Sep 18-28
N/A50Frost-tolerant

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 14 (at COLUMBUS METRO AP, GA climate station, elevation 393 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Feb 21-Mar 6
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Oct 19
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 14
Moon Feb 28-Mar 14
Mar 14
BasilFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 8-11
Frost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 8-11
Oct 5
BeetsN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 14
Moon Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 14-21
Mar 28
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 3-17
Moon Jan 11-17
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
N/AAug 24
Bok ChoyFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Apr 25
BroccoliFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Sep 14
Brussels SproutsFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Aug 10
CabbageFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Aug 3
CantaloupesFrost Feb 21-Mar 6
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-25
Frost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-25
Aug 10
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 25-28
Sep 7
CauliflowerFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Mar 6-21
N/AAug 31
CeleryFrost Dec 20-Jan 3
Moon Dec 20-26
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Mar 14
Moon Mar 14
Sep 7
ChivesFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Sep 21
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-25
Apr 4
CollardsFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Sep 7
CucumbersFrost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Sep 7
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 22-25
Sep 21
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 4
Aug 10
EggplantsFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
N/ASep 7
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
FennelFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-25
Aug 31
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-25, Apr 8-11
Sep 7
Honeydew MelonsFrost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Aug 17
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 3-17
Moon Jan 11-17
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
KohlrabiFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
LeeksFrost Jan 3-17
Moon Jan 11-17
Frost Feb 21-Mar 6
Moon Feb 21-24
N/AAug 3
LettuceFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 14-24
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 8-11
Sep 7
OnionsN/AFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 25-28
N/AAug 10
OreganoFrost Jan 3-31
Moon Jan 11-25
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
N/ASep 7
ParsleyFrost Jan 3-17
Moon Jan 11-17
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Feb 14-Mar 21
Moon Feb 14-24
Aug 31
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-21
Aug 10
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4-7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 25-28
Sep 7
PumpkinsFrost Feb 21-Mar 6
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Aug 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-21
Sep 21
RosemaryFrost Dec 20-Jan 3
Moon Dec 20-26
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
N/ASep 21
SageFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
N/AAug 31
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 25-28
Aug 10
SpinachFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Feb 14-21
Moon Feb 14-21
Mar 28
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 8-11
Aug 31
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 7
Aug 3
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Feb 28-Mar 14
Frost Feb 21-Mar 14
Moon Feb 21-24
Mar 28
ThymeFrost Jan 3-17
Moon Jan 11-17
Frost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-25
N/AAug 24
TomatillosFrost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Feb 9-14
Frost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 8-11
N/AAug 31
TomatoesFrost Jan 17-31
Moon Jan 17-25
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
N/AAug 17
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 14-21
Oct 19
WatermelonsFrost Feb 21-Mar 6
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Frost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-25
Aug 17
Winter SquashFrost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Jul 27
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Feb 21-28
Moon Feb 21-24
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Sep 14
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